Tulsa Times A Pictorial History:
The Early Years

If you arrived here via a search engine - PLEASE go to Section One and read the introduction

Photographs From the Beryl D. Ford Collection
Text by Susan Everly-Douze
Edited by Terrell Lester
(c) 1986 by: World Publishing company
318 S. Main Mall
P.O. Box 1770
Tulsa, Ok 74102

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Section 2

First Citizens

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Page #

Description of the photos. My comments are between the [ ] Author's captions are in black.

62

Chief Bacon Rind, 72 in this picture, was leader of the Osage Indians when they became some of the world's wealthiest people as the result of white man's oil wells.

63

"First Citizens" [Short narrative about the Indians in what is now Tulsa]

"..... there is no doubt the name "Tulsa" is of Creek origin. But stories vary on how it evolved. Lochapoka [the tribe that received the land that is now Tulsa] means "turtling place" for the sea turtles the Indian's hunted in Alabama. The Arkansas River had no giant turtles, however, and the Lochapokas initially made no effort to name their village. That was done for them in 1850 when government engineers mapped the Creek Nation. They called the settlement Tallassee. The name wasn't popular with the displace Lochapokas who eventually coined their own version, Tulsee Town. From 1856 to 1864, the settlement also alternately was called Tulsey Town and Tulsa Town. "Tul" or "Tal" is simply Creek for "town" so the evolving name was redundant. In 1879, when the first US mail arrived, the destination was listed simply as Tulsa. Tulsey Town, however, remains an affectionate nickname even today."

"..... Still, Tulsa, so close to other Indian borders, quickly became a trade center for three Indian nations. As the story goes, a first-rate marksman could stand on the site of Tulsa's first school and shoot a deer on Creek, Cherokee and Osage lands."

64

The Council Oak Tree, 18th and Cheyenne Ave, was Tulsa's birthspot. The Lochapokas, a band of Creek Indians, ended their forced march from Alabama here in 1836 and lit a ceremonial fire to mark the beginning of anew life in Indian Territory.

65

Participants in a Shawnee ceremonial war dance near Bird Creek, about eight miles north of Tulsa, in 1895.

[Photo of a group of Indians in a line.]

66 & 67

[These two photos are of Indians in ceremonial dress at the "green corn dance". They were reproduced from the Indian Republican and are very fuzzy]

68

Full-blooded members of a Sac village, Pa She Pa Ho, the chief, stands in the center. His mother is seated in front of him.

[Photo of an group of Indians in front of a wigwam]

69

(Left) A Shawnee woman pounding corn, Creek Nation, I.T. (Center) Principals in a Shawnee stomp dance, on the banks of Hominy Creek near Skiatook about 1900. John Pecan (left) lived to be 106. (right) Strike Ax, an Osage brave

70

The Wealaka Mission, a school for Indian youngsters, was opened in 1882 by the Rev. R.M. Loughridge who later traveled 20 miles south to Tulsa to preach the settlement's first sermon on the stoop of the J.M. Hall store.

[Two photos on the page. The top one is a wide angle view of the buildings of the school with some young girls shown. The bottom photo is another view of the school buildings]

71

Euchee Mission opened officially in 1796 in the Sapulpa area.

[Photo of several boys and girls on the mission grounds - one building in the background]

72

Osage Indians from Pawhuska visiting Tulsa with two white friends, near Main Street and the Frisco Railroad tracks about 1894.

73

Timmie Jack, with the rifle, was the last man executed under Creek tribal law. Jack killed his friend, James Brown, sitting next to him, after an argument and was sentenced to death by shooting. April 28, 1896. Jack was executed three days later. Mrs. James Brown is on the right. Mrs. Timmie Jack is on the left.

[Formal Photo of five people. The lady in the center is not identified]

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Linda Haas Davenport